ISSN 1308-8734 | E-ISSN 1308-8742
Original Article
Comparison of Ultrasonography and Low-Dose Computed Tomography for the Diagnosis of Pediatric Urolithiasis in the Emergency Department
1 Department of Radiology, Atatürk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey  
Eurasian J Med 2017; 49: 128-131
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2017.17083
Key Words: Urolithiasis, emergency, ultrasonography, computed tomography, pediatric, radimetrics
Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to compare ultrasonography (US) and low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) for diagnosing pediatric urolithiasis in the emergency department.

 

Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was approved by our institutional ethics committee, and informed consent was waived. From March 2016 to March 2017, 100 consecutive patients met the selection criteria and were enrolled in the study. Patients were randomly selected in a 1:1 ratio and were allocated to one of the following two imaging groups: US or abdominal LDCT. LDCT examinations were performed using a 320-detector row CT. Radiation dose analysis was performed using Radimetrics. US examinations were performed using the Aplio 500 ultrasound system. The presence of urolithiasis, anatomical location of urolithiasis, and measurements of renal stones were evaluated and recorded.

 

Results: There were statistically significant differences between US and standard-dose CT (SDCT) with respect to the diagnosis of urolithiasis, anatomical location of urolithiasis, and measurements of renal stones (p<0.001, p=0.005, and p=0.03, respectively). The mean effective radiation dose of LDCT was 1.44±0.34 mSv and that of SDCT was calculated to be 4.36±1.33 mSv. There was no statistically significant difference between LDCT and SDCT with regard to the diagnosis of urolithiasis, anatomical location of urolithiasis and measurements of renal stones (p=1 for all). The diagnostic accuracy of US and LDCT was 0.68 and 1.0, respectively.

 

 

Conclusion: Low-dose computed tomography had 1/3 SDCT radiation dose, and LDCT and SDCT accurately diagnosed pediatric urolithiasis in the emergency department. US had a lower accuracy than SDCT and LDCT for diagnosing pediatric urolithiasis in the emergency department. LDCT can be an alternative for SDCT for diagnosing pediatric urolithiasis.

Key Words
Authors
All
Author’s Corner
Survey
AVES | Copyright © 2017 Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine | Latest Update: 24.10.2017