ISSN 1308-8734 | E-ISSN 1308-8742
Original Article
Bone Loss in Pediatric Survivors of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
1 Ankara Children’s Hematology and Oncology Hospital, Ankara, Turkey  
2 Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Dr. Sami Ulus Obstetrics and Gynecology, Children's Health and Disease Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey  
Eurasian J Med ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2018.18196
Key Words: Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, bone mineral density, osteopenia, osteoporosis
Abstract

Objective: Bone mineral density (BMD) in children may be negatively affected by acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or its treatment protocol. The aim of our study was to evaluate bone health by measuring BMD after ALL treatment.

 

Materials and Methods: The age, anthropometric measurements, and lumbar spine BMDs were recorded in 39 pediatric survivors of ALL, with no history of relapse, secondary malignancy, or transplantation. The lumbar spine BMD was measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. The BMD risk factors, pubertal status, age at diagnosis, risk category, the time interval from the completion of the chemotherapy, and cranial radiotherapy were investigated. Serum calcium, phosphate, alkaline phosphates, magnesium, parathormone, and 25-hydroxy vitamin D levels were determined.

 

Results: The mean BMD value was calculated as 0.668±0.176 g/cm2. Osteopenia and osteoporosis were detected in nine patients (23.1%) and three patients (7.7%), respectively, according to previously published data of healthy age- and sex-related Turkish children’s BMD values. The mean age at diagnosis of patients with ALL, having the Z-score above −1 was lower than in patients having bone defect (Z score <-1).

 

Conclusion: Early detection and intervention strategies to optimize bone health are essential in pediatric patients with ALL.

 

Cite this article as: Donmez AD, Isik P, Cetinkaya S, Yarali N. Bone Loss in Pediatric Survivors of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. Eurasian J Med 2018. DOI 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2018.18196.

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