ISSN 1308-8734 | E-ISSN 1308-8742
Original Article
The Frequency and Effective Factors of Exclusive Breastfeeding for the First Six Months in Babies Born in Erzincan Province in 2016
1 Department of Public Health, Erzincan University School of Medicine, Erzincan, Turkey  
2 Department of Pediatric Diseases, Erzincan University School of Medicine, Erzincan, Turkey  
3 Clinic of Anesthesia and Reanimation, Palandöken Public Hospital, Erzurum, Turkey  
Eurasian J Med ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2018.18310
Key Words: Exclusive breastfeeding, frequency, effective factors
Abstract

Objective: The World Health Organization emphasizes that it is essential that infants be fed only breast milk for the first six months. This study is designed to investigate the frequency of exclusive breastfeeding and the related factors during the first six months in infants born in 2016 in Erzincan province.

 

Materials and Methods: Our study is a cross-sectional study, and the study population consisted of 2166 babies born in 2016, and registered with the family physicians. The sample size was calculated as 635 with a 95% confidence interval and 3% error margin, assuming that the frequency of exclusive breastfeeding in first six months is 30%. The family physicians were randomly selected. Mothers included in the study were determined by random sampling method. The data were collected by interviewing the mothers individually, and then analyzed in the SPSS (IBM, SPSS Corp.; Armonk, NY, USA) 21.0 package program.

 

Results: In this study, the rate of infants who received only breast milk for the first six months was calculated as 45.7%. The average period of exclusive breastfeeding was 4.4±2.03 months. It was observed that the children of mothers with prenatal and postnatal education received only breast milk for longer time. Also, mothers who do not work, those who do not use tobacco after birth, and those without depression also fed their children with only breast milk for longer time. In pacifiers or bottle users, infants receiving other nutrients after birth had a lower rate of exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months.

 

Conclusion: In our study, it has been observed that to increase the rate of exclusive breastfeeding, it is necessary to increase the education before and after the birth; to not use any other nutrients, pacifier, or bottle after delivery; and to spend adequate time with the baby. 

 

Cite this article as: Salcan S, Topal I, Ates I. The Frequency and Effective Factors of Exclusive Breastfeeding for the First Six Months in Babies Born in Erzincan Province in 2016. Eurasian J Med 2018. DOI 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2018.18310

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