ISSN 1308-8734 | E-ISSN 1308-8742
Original Article
THE EFFECTS OF GENERAL AND EPIDURAL ANAESTHESIA ON THE NUMBER OF LEUCOCYTES AND THE DISTRIBUTION OF LEUCOCYTES SUBGROUPS
1 Atatürk Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Anestezyoloji Anabilim Dalı, Erzurum  
2 Atatürk Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Anesteziyoloji Anabilim Dalı, Erzurum  
3 Atatürk Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Üroloji ve Anestezyoloji Anabilim Dalı, Erzurum  
Eurasian J Med 2003; 35: 37-41

Key Words: General anaesthesia, Epidural anaesthesia, Leucocyte distribution
Abstract

General and regional anaesthesia, along with surgery compromise the immun system and affect the number and sugroup distribution of leucocytes. In this study we aimed to compere the number of leucocytes and subgroups in patients who received general anaesthesia wiyh sevoflorane and in patients who received epidural anaesthesia with bupivacaine. Twenty four ASA I-II patients who had not received blood transfusion and medical treatment with normal leucocyte number and subgroup distribution are includet. Twelwe patients received general anaesthesia with sevoflorane and the other 12 epidural anaesthesia with bupivacaine.The leucocyte numbers increased in both groups, but higher in patients who received general anaesthesia. The number of neutrophils significantly increased and lymphocytes significiantly decreased in patients who received general anaesthesia as compared to patients who received epidural anaesthesia. The numbers of monocytes significantly increased in patients who received epidural anaesthesia compared to patients who received general anaesthesia.There were no differecies in number of basphils and eosinophils. In conclision epidural anaesthesia with bupivacaine has less side effect on immun system and cause less differencies in numbers of leucocytes and subgroups compared to general anaesthesia with sevoflorane. Thus epidural anaesthesia is more advantageous in postoperative infections and inflammation.

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