ISSN 1308-8734 | E-ISSN 1308-8742
Case Report
Hypertrygliceridemia-induced Acute Pancreatitis Following Hyperlipidemic Abdominal Crisis
1 Clinic of Emergency Medicine, Izmir Bozyaka Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey  
Eurasian J Med 2011; 43: 122-124
DOI: 10.5152/eajm.2011.27
Key Words: Computed tomography, Hypertriglyceridemia, Pancreatitis
Abstract

 

Hypertriglyceridemia is a well established cause of acute pancreatitis (AP). Multiple mechanism are proposed to explain this phenomenon, but the exact mechanism is unknown. Clinical manifestations are similar to other forms of AP. Although amylase and lipase levels exclude the diagnosis of AP in normolipidemic patients, they may be normal in hypertriglyceridemia-induced AP. Further evaluation with imaging studies are needed for diagnosis. A less known entity “hyperlipidemic abdominal crisis” is a prior clinical state before development to AP.  We describe a young male patient without any previously diagnosed metabolic disorder presenting to emergency department with abdominal pain and vomiting where normal amylase in lactescent serum was detected. His abdomen computed tomography (CT) was reported as normal. His symptoms were relieved with antiemetic and histamine-2 blocker and he was diagnosed with hypertriglyceridemia and dyspepsia. Readmission with recurrence of symptoms after 3 hours resulted in hospitalization where the second CT showed edematous AP.

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