ISSN 1308-8734 | E-ISSN 1308-8742
Original Article
Determination of Linear X-Ray Attenuation Coeffi cients of Pathological Brain Tissues and Use of Filters in Tissue Contrast Enhancement in Computed Tomography
1 Ataturk University, Faculty of Medicine, Radiology Department, Erzurum, Turkey  
2 Ataturk University, Faculty of Medicine, Pathology Department, Erzurum, Turkey  
3 Ataturk University Faculty of Science and Arts, Physics Department, Erzurum, Turkey  
Eurasian J Med 2010; 42: 53-56

Key Words: Computed tomography, X-ray tube, X-ray attenuation coefficient, X-ray spectral filters
Abstract

 

Objective: X-ray attenuation coefficients are used in common radiological, pathological and spectroscopic examinations and in the determination of the radiation dose distribution in biological tissues. In radiology, these coefficients enable diagnosis by differentiating the abnormal tissues from the normal ones using their morphological structure and contrast differences. In this study, our aim is to precisely determine the linear x-ray attenuation coefficients of pathological brain tissues and to use x-ray beam filters to enhance the tissue contrast in computed tomography.

 

Materials and Methods: To directly measure the relative linear attenuation coefficients, an energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy system (EDXRS-Canberra, Si(Li) with DSA-1000 spectrum analyzer 1998; CT, USA) was used with collimators and a medical-purpose x-ray tube (Siemens, Siremobil, 1985; Erlangen,Germany) in a linear geometry.

Results: Using a Mo filter with Computed Tomography CT and photon energies from 15 to 25 keV, EDXRS acquisitions were found to significantly distinguish grades of brain tumors (p<0.05). For the data acquired from CT systems with the decreasing filtered photon mean energy, the x-ray attenuation coefficients (i.e., the Hounsfield units) show that the ratio of EDXRS to CT for water's attenuation coefficient are increased. With our suggested x-ray filters, the tissue contrast has been found to be increased in ex vivo brain tumor slices compared with slices scanned in conventional CT scanners.

Conclusion: X-ray attenuations measured with the EDXRS are found to be statistically more reliable because of the length of acquisition times in this study.

Key Words
Authors
All
Author’s Corner
Survey
AVES | Copyright © 2017 Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine | Latest Update: 24.10.2017