ISSN 1308-8734 | E-ISSN 1308-8742
Original Article
Prevalence of Blood Brotherhood among High School Students in Erzurum and the Effect of Peer-led Education on this Practice
1 Department of Family Medicine, Ataturk University Faculty of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey  
2 Department of Medical Education, Ataturk University Faculty of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey  
Eurasian J Med 2013; 45: 83-87
DOI: 10.5152/eajm.2013.16
Key Words: AIDS, blood brotherhood, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, risky cultural habits
Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of blood brotherhood (BB) in Erzurum, Turkey and to observe the effect of education interventions on this risky cultural behavior.

 

Materials and Methods: This study was designed as a cross-sectional intervention, based on minor interventions through a peer-led awareness campaign regarding the transfer of blood-borne diseases through BB rites. This study was conducted from February through May 2007 at 29 high schools in Erzurum.

 

Results: The study population was 53.8% (n=1,522) males and 46.2% (n=1,307) females. The proportion of the students who have participated in BB rituals was 24.1% (n=558). There was a statistically significant link between BB and a history of having Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection, family history of HBV and male gender (p<0.05). After the structured peer-led education the intention to participate in BB rituals decreased from 30.0% to 20.6% (p<0.001).

 

Conclusion: The prevention of BB rituals, which can result in the transfer of blood-borne diseases, requires urgent public awareness campaigns led by healthcare professionals. 

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