ISSN 1308-8734 | E-ISSN 1308-8742
Original Article
The Relationship between the Localization, Size, Stage and Histopathology of the Primary Laryngeal Tumor with Neck Metastasis
1 Department of Otolaryngology, Erzurum Education and Research Hospital, Erzurum, Turkey  
2 Department of Otolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey  
Eurasian J Med 2014; 46: 1-7
DOI: 10.5152/eajm.2014.01
Key Words: Larynx cancer, localization, size, T stage, histopathological grade, cervical lymph node metastasis
Abstract

Objective: In this study we aimed the investigate the laryngectomy (partial and total) and neck dissection (functional, radical) in patients undergoing larynx identified as a result of the operation of primary tumour localization, size, stage and histopathology of the relationship between neck metastasis.

 

Materials and Methods: The files of 118 patients who has had operation of laryngectomy (partly, total) and neck dissection (functional, radical) because of larynx cancer in the Ear Nose and Throat (ENT) Clinic in the last ten years (1997-2007) have been evaluated retrospectively.

 

Results: 116 of them were male and 2 of them were female. Age average was 56+/-22. 189 neck dissections have been applied to 118 patients. While in supraglottic tumours, 55.2% cervical metastasis and 28.9% occult metastasis have been determined, in transglottic tumours 35.1% cervical metastasis and 18.9% occult metastasis have been determined. It has been seen that while the cervical metastasis ratio of tumours bigger than 4 cm is 55.8%, the tumours smaller than 4 cm is 27.27% (p=0.002). The cervical metastasis rate has been determined as 26.3% in T1 cases, 25.8% in T2 cases, 40.6% in T3 cases and 58.3% in T4 cases. In tumours with advanced T stage, the rate of cervical metastasis has been seen more than the ones with early T stage (p=0.027). Cervical metastasis has been determined as 27.3% in good differential (G1) tumours, 53.4% in medium differential (G2) tumours, and 74.1% in bad differential (G3) tumours (p=0.005).

 

 

Conclusion: Considered in the light of clinical parameters specified in the cervical lymph node metastasis, N0 patients with laryngeal cancer, tumour, according to the anatomical location as unilateral or bilateral elective neck dissection should be performed and histopathological specimens taken in the event of a positive detection of metastases concluded that postoperative radiotherapy should be performed.

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