ISSN 1308-8734 | E-ISSN 1308-8742
Original Article
Early and Late-Term Results of Arthroscopic Surgery on Patients with Gonarthrosis
1 Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Gumushane State Hospital, Gumushane, Turkey  
2 Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey  
Eurasian J Med 2014; 46: 102-109
DOI: 10.5152/eajm.2014.24
Key Words: Arthroscopic debridement, BMI, gonarthrosis
Abstract

Objective: To provide guidance in the selection of the appropriate patient for arthroscopic debridement.

 

Materials and Methods: Ninety patients who were diagnosed with gonarthrosis according to modified American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria and who underwent arthroscopic debridement and meniscectomy were evaluated. Functional assessment of patients was made based on preoperative as well as 1 month and 1 year postoperative results of the Lysholm Knee Score and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS). One year postoperatively, the Tapper-Hoover Scoring System was used to calculate long-term results. Analyses were conducted using SPSS 18 software. For this study ethics committee approval was received from the ethics committee of Ataturk University Medical Studies Department Head on 08.10.2010 at the 6th meeting with regards to the document written on 16.06.2010 with number 998.

 

Results: Differences between preoperative and 1-month and 1-year postoperative values in the Western Otorino and McMaster Universities Osteoarthrosis (WOMAC) Index, Lysholm and VAS were found to be statistically significant (p<0.001) (Table 1). According to Tapper-Hoover results, 82.8% of patients benefited from arthroscopic debridement in the long term (Table 2). Among body mass index (BMI) groups, the WOMAC, Lysholm and VAS values of obese patients were worse than those of normal weight and underweight patients, and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.005). Late-term results of patients younger than 55 were superior to those over 55.

 

 

Conclusion: In the treatment of patients with gonarthrosis, arthroscopic debridement is a good option. Patients who have a low BMI and are younger than 55 years old experience more benefit from arthroscopic debridement. 

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