ISSN 1308-8734 | E-ISSN 1308-8742
Case Report
Cerebral Fat Embolism Diagnosed by Cognitive Disorder
1 Department of Neurology, Sakarya University Faculty of Medicine, Sakarya, Turkey  
2 Department of Neurology, Sakarya Training and Research Hospital, Sakarya, Turkey  
3 Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Sakarya University Faculty of Medicine, Sakarya, Turkey  
Eurasian J Med 2014; 46: 135-137
DOI: 10.5152/eajm.2014.30
Key Words: Cerebral fat embolism, tibial fracture, acute cognitive disorder, diffusion-weighted MRI
Abstract

Fat embolism syndrome is a rarely seen complication of skeletal trauma, and it is seen at a rate of 2-5% after fractures of the long bones of the lower extremities. Its classic triad-+consists of hypoxemia, petechial bleedings on the skin and neurological findings. These neurological findings are highly variable and non-specific, and they can present with lethargy, irritability, delirium, stupor, convulsion or coma. In this report, a male case is presented who was diagnosed with cerebral embolism due to acute cognitive disorder after a segmental tibial fracture.

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