ISSN 1308-8734 | E-ISSN 1308-8742
Original Article
Relation of Preoperative Thrombocytosis between Tumor Stage and Grade in Patients with Endometrial Cancer
1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kanuni Sultan Süleyman Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey  
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bakirkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey  
Eurasian J Med 2014; 46: 164-168
DOI: 10.5152/eajm.2014.47
Key Words: Endometrial cancer, prognosis, thrombocytosis
Abstract

Objective: We aimed to evaluate the predictive value of preoperative thrombocytosis for postoperative tumor stage and tumor grade in patients with endometrial cancer.

 

Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study carried out in our gynecologic oncology department between January 2000 and December 2011. We reviewed the medical charts of 190 patients diagnosed with endometrial carcinoma and underwent complete staging procedure. The clinicopathologic characteristics of the patients such as; age, gravidity, parity, menopausal status, body mass index, co-morbidities (diabetes, hypertension etc.), stage, grade, histological subtype, depth of myometrial invasion, peritoneal washing cytology and preoperative platelet count were recorded. Endometrioid adenocarcinomas were graded according to the FIGO classification. Blood samples for the measurement of platelet count were obtained 3 days prior to the surgery. Thrombocytosis was defined as a platelet count of 300×109/L. P values less than 0.05 derived from two-tailed tests were considered statistically significant.

 

Results: The mean age of the study population was 55.4 (range 33-80) years. The mean gravidity was 3.8 (range 0-12) and the mean parity was 3.32 (range 0-11). 108 (56,8%) patients were with body mass index of >30 kg/m². The mean platelet count among women was 288, 6±90.7×109/L (range 105-772×109/L). The majority of the patients were with early stage diseases during the surgeries. 170 (89.5%) of the patients had stage I to II disease, and 20 (10.5%) of them had stage III to IV disease. There were no statistical significance between thrombocytosis and age, gravidity, parity, BMI, cancer grade and stage, histological subtype of the tumor, depth of invasion, cervical involvement, intrauterine tumor volume and peritoneal washing cytology.

 

Conclusion: We found that preoperative platelet count was not correlated with the stage or grade of endometrial cancer. 

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