ISSN 1308-8734 | E-ISSN 1308-8742
Original Article
Evaluation of Premature Infants Hospitalized in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit between 2010-2012
1 Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Ataturk University Faculty of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey  
Eurasian J Med 2015; 47: 13-20
DOI: 10.5152/eajm.2014.38
Key Words: Morbidity, mortality, premature
Abstract

Objective: With continuing developments in the field of neonatology, survival rates of low birth weight and small for gestational age infants have increased, which in turn has brought important prematurity-related problems. The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively the prematurity problems that are the significant causes of morbidity and mortality.

 

Materials and Methods: 613 premature infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit of Ataturk University Medical Faculty Hospital between January 2010 and January 2012 were included in this study. Infants were divided into groups according to their birth weight and gestational age.

 

Results: 323 infants were male (52.6%) and 290 were female (47.4%). 63.9% of infants weighed ≥1500 grams, and 58.5% had a gestational age of ≥33 weeks. Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) was detected in 249 (40.6%), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in 124 (20.2%), necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in 41 (6.6%), retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in 202 (32.9%), and intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in 15 (2.4%). RDS, BPD, NEC, ROP, and ICH rates were inversely proportional to decreases in gestational age and birth weight, and were found to be statistically significant.

 

Conclusion: Mortality and morbidity rates were similar to the other data published from our country, but the rates were above those reported in developed countries. We believe that our morbidity and mortality rates can reach levels comparable to those of developed countries with improved antenatal care, regular follow-up of pregnancy and increased numbers of physicians and health care personnel per patient.

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