ISSN 1308-8734 | E-ISSN 1308-8742
Original Article
Granulomatous Mastitis: A Ten-Year Experience at a University Hospital
1 Department of General Surgery, Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey  
2 Department of General Surgery, School of Medicine, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey  
3 Department of Radiology, Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey  
4 Department of Pathology, Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey  
Eurasian J Med 2015; 47: 165-173
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2015.118
Key Words: Mastitis, granulomatous mastitis, tuberculosis mastitis
Abstract

Objective: In this study we aimed to define clinical, radiologic and pathological specialties of patients who applied to General Surgery Department of Atatürk University Medical Faculty with granulomatous mastitis and show medical and surgical treatment results. With the help of this study we will be able to make our own clinical algorithm for diagnosis and treatment.

 

Materials and Methods: We searched retrospectively addresses, phone numbers and clinical files of 93 patients whom diagnosed granulomatous mastitis between a decade of January 2001 – December 2010. We noted demographic specialties, ages, gender, medical family history, main complaints, physical findings, radiological and laboratory findings, medical treatments, postoperative complications and surgical procedures if they were operated; morbidity, recurrence and success ratios, complications after treatment for patients discussed above.

 

Results: In this study we evaluated 93 patients, 91 females and 2 males, with granulomatous mastitis retrospectively who applied to General Surgery Department of Atatürk University Medical Faculty between January 2001 and December 2010. Mean age was 34.4 years. The diagnosis was confirmed by histopathologic examination of the lesions. Seventy three patients had idiopathic granulomatous lobular mastitis and 20 patients had specific granulomatous mastitis IGM (18 tuberculosis mastitis, 1 alveolar echinococcosis and 1 silk reaction). All the patients had surgical debridement or antibiotic, and anti-inflammatory treatment with results bad clinical response before applied our clinic.

 

Conclusion: Empiric antibiotic therapy and drainage of the breast lesions are not enough for complete remission of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis. The lesion must be excised completely. In selected patients, corticosteroid therapy can be useful. In the patients with tuberculous mastitis, abscess drainage and antituberculous therapy can be useful, but wide excision must be chosen for the patients with recurrent disease. 

Key Words
Authors
All
Author’s Corner
Survey
AVES | Copyright © 2017 Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine | Latest Update: 24.10.2017