ISSN 1308-8734 | E-ISSN 1308-8742
Original Article
Endometrial and Ovarian Cancer with MR Imaging Importance of Serum HE4 and CA 125 Levels in the Extent of Disease at Evaluation
1 Clinic of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Nene Hatun Gynecology and Obstetrics Hospital, Erzurum, Turkey  
2 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Atatürk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey  
Eurasian J Med 2016; 48: 192-198
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2016.0259
Key Words: Ovary, endometrium, cancer, diagnosis, tumor marker
Abstract

Objective: Currently, no clinically useful tumor marker is available for primary diagnosis in endometrial cancer. Human epididymis protein-4 (HE-4) has high sensitivity and specificity as a tumor marker. Further, HE-4 has been shown to be elevated in early stage endometrial cancer and is more sensitive than CA 125. In our study, CA 125 and HE-4 reputation as a tumor marker for diagnosis of ovarian and endometrial cancer with the use of both the availability and affect the way we investigated the rate of diagnosis.

 

Materials and Methods: Here 20 patients with ovarian cancer, 26 patients with endometrial cancer, which had been histologically diagnosed, and 40 healthy volunteers were included. Peripheral blood samples were taken and serum CA 125 and HE-4 were tested.

 

Results: Serum CA 125 and HE-4 levels in patients with ovarian cancer were found to be significantly higher than those in healthy volunteers (p<0.05). Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed. For patients with ovarian cancer and healthy controls, the CA 125 (0.83) and HE-4 (0.84) levels showed increased sensitivity (95%). There was no significant difference in the CA 125 levels in patients with endometrial cancer and healthy controls (p>0.05), whereas HE-4 levels were found to be higher in patients with endometrial cancer than in healthy controls (p<0.05). ROC analysis was performed. For endometrial cancer patients and healthy controls, the CA 125 (0.59) and HE-4 (0.63) levels showed increased sensitivity (88.5%).

 

Conclusion: In ovarian and endometrial cancer, wherein early diagnosis is the most important factor for prognosis and survival, HE-4 is a new serum tumor marker that can be used with the aim of noninvasive diagnoses. For early diagnosis, the concomitant use of CA 125 and HE-4 is more effective and reliable than using either of them alone.

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