ISSN 1308-8734 | E-ISSN 1308-8742
Original Article
Fertility Preferences of Women in a Province Center
1 Department of Public Health, Atatürk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey  
2 Erzurum Provincial Public Health Directorate, Erzurum, Turkey  
3 Department of Public Health, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey  
Eurasian J Med 2018; 50: 187-192
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2018.17236
Key Words: Pregnancy, fertility, reproductive health
Abstract

Objective: Fertility preferences and status are important parameters involved in reproductive health. The aim of the present study was to define some characteristics of the fertility preferences of women aged 15-49 years in our region.

 

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between 2013 and 2015. The study population consisted of 627 married women aged 15-49 years living in a city center. A questionnaire about socio-demographic characteristics, pregnancy and birth traits, and fertility preferences was applied. Chi-square, Mann–Whitney U, and Spearman correlation tests were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.00 (IBM, SPSS Corp.; Armonk, NY, USA) software for statistical analyses. A p<0.05 was considered statistically significant.

 

Results: The mean age of the women participating in the survey was 33.03±7.1 years. Median age at marriage was 20 years, mean age at first pregnancy was 21 years, and mean number of pregnancies was 3.07 years, with 14.6% having had more than five pregnancies and 34.6% having experienced previous miscarriages. The mean number of live births was 2.2, and 21.5% of women had waited 24 months between pregnancies. Additionally, 77.7% reported using family planning of any kind, with 62.1% using the modern method. Women’s ages at first marriage varied significantly depending on education (p<0.001) and working status (p<0.001), whereas ages at first pregnancy varied significantly depending on educational status (p<0.001). The total number of pregnancies varied significantly depending on level of education, working status, and family income (p<0.001). Times between two pregnancies among women with histories of more than two pregnancies differed significantly depending on educational status (p<0.05).

 

Conclusion: The most important factors in women’s fertility preferences are education, work, and income. Increasing women’s educational levels can lead to safe and healthy pregnancies and births.

 

Cite this article as: Calikoglu EO, Yerli EB, Yilmaz S, Kavuncuoglu D, Kosan Z, Aras A. Fertility preferences of women in a province center. Eurasian J Med 2018; 50(3): 187-192.

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