The Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Original Article

Application of the Appropriate Use Criteria for Coronary Revascularization in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome in the Russian Federation: Data from the Federal Registry

1.

Saratov State Medical University, Saratov, Russia

2.

National Medical Research Center of Cardiology, Moscow, Russia

Eurasian J Med 2021; 53: 96-101
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2021.20004
Read: 411 Downloads: 116 Published: 28 May 2021

Objective: The aim of the study was to apply the appropriate use criteria (AUC) for coronary revascularization on Russian Acute Coronary Syndrome Registry (RusACSR) data to analyze validity of the decision to perform percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) among patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

Material and Methods: In Russia, the frequency of performing PCI increased almost 7.5 times, and more than half of all interventions were performed in patients with ACS, in the period from 2006 to 2015. AUC 2012 were used to assess PCI appropriateness. Data were exported from RusACSR from a period of January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016. We analyzed 33 893 cases, but 13 957 patients were excluded owing to absence of data needed. The study group therefore included 19 936 patients with ACS (mean age, 65.3 ± 11.9 years; 40.3% women), and it was divided into 2 subgroups: 13 757 (67.2%) patients who were treated conservatively and 6179 (32.8%) patients who underwent PCI. According to AUC, physicians’ choice of strategy was validated.

Results: Patients treated conservatively differed significantly (P < .001) from those who underwent PCI. In this group, non-ST segment elevation ACS was significantly more common than in the group of patients who received PCI (84.4% vs. 43.9%, P < .001). They also had more severe clinical status. According to AUC, among patients with ACS treated with PCI, the decision was warranted in 86.3% (valid decision). In 7.6% of cases, there was no need for PCI. Among patients who underwent conservative treatment, 77.7% of patients needed PCI according to AUC. According to our data, only 3.8% of patients who were treated conservatively did not need PCI. Appropriateness of invasive treatment was uncertain in 18.5% and 6.1% in the PCI and non-PCI groups, respectively. All differences were significant (P < .001).

Conclusion: AUC implementation showed low availability of PCI for patients with non-ST segment elevation ACS accompanied by complicated clinical status. AUC for coronary revascularization could be applied in Russian clinical practice for unbiased PCI candidate selection and for evaluation of decision validity.

Cite this article as: Popova YV, Kiselev AR, Sagaydak OV, Posnenkova OM, Gridnev VI, Oshchepkova EV. Application of the Appropriate Use Criteria for Coronary Revascularization in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome in the Russian Federation: Data from the Federal Registry. Eurasian J Med 2021; 53(2): 96-101.

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