The Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Original Article

Is the Presence of 2 Renal Allograft Arteries Associated with Adverse Outcomes in Live Donor Kidney Transplantation?

1.

Department of General Surgery, Istinye University Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

2.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology, İstinye University Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

3.

Department of Anesthesiology, İstinye University Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

Eurasian J Med 2023; 55: 74-77
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2022.0259
Read: 711 Downloads: 333 Published: 01 February 2023

Objective: Although it was postulated that renal grafts with multiple arteries could lead to unfavorable recipient outcomes, this subject remains controversial. This study aimed to compare the outcomes of recipients receiving renal allografts with a single artery with those receiving renal grafts with two arteries.

Materials and Methods: Adult patients who received live donor kidney transplantation in our center between January 2020 and October 2021 were included. Data including age, gender, body mass index, renal allograft side, pre-kidney transplantation dialysis status, human leukocyte antigen mismatch number, warm ischemia time, the number of renal allograft arteries (single/double), complications, duration of hospitalization, postoperative creatinine levels, glomerular filtration rates, early graft rejection, graft loss, and mortality were collected. Subsequently, patients who received single-artery renal allografts were compared with those who received double-artery renal allografts.

Results: Overall, 139 recipients were included. The mean recipient age was 43.73 ± 13.03 (21-69). While 103 recipients were male, 36 were female. The comparison between the 2 groups revealed that mean ischemia time was significantly longer in the double-artery than in the single-artery group (48.0 vs. 31.2 minutes) (P=.00). In addition, the single-artery group had significantly lower postoperative day 1 and day 30 mean serum creatinine levels. Also, the mean postoperative day 1 glomerular filtration rates were significantly higher in the single-artery group than in the double-artery group. However, the 2 groups were similar concerning the glomerular filtration rates measured at other times. On the other hand, there was no difference between the 2 groups regarding duration of hospitalization, surgical complication, early graft rejection, graft loss, and mortality rates.

Conclusion: The presence of 2 renal allograft arteries does not have adverse effects on the postoperative parameters of the kidney transplantation recipients, including graft function, duration of hospitalization, surgical complication, early graft rejection, graft loss, and mortality rates.

Cite this article as: Eren E, Tokaç M, Uslu B, Sahin T, Vartanoglu Aktokmakyan T, Dinçkan A. Is the presence of 2 renal allograft arteries associated with adverse outcomes in live donor kidney transplantation? Eurasian J Med 2023;55(1):74-77

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