The Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Original Article

Unexpected Effects of Cerebrospinal Fluid on the Prevention of Cerebral Thromboembolism and Blood–Brain Barrier Disruption: First Experimental Study

1.

Department of Neurosurgery, Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey

Eurasian J Med 2023; 55: 50-53
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2023.22317
Read: 793 Downloads: 334 Published: 01 February 2023

Objective: We investigated the presence of thromboembolism that may develop in hippocampal arteries due to decreased cerebrospinal fluid volume because of choroid plexus damage caused by subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Materials and Methods: Twenty-four rabbits were included as test subjects in this study. The study group comprised 14 test subjects administered autologous blood (0.5 mL). Coronary sections of the temporal uncus were prepared to observe the choroid plexus and the hippocampus together. Cellular shrinkage, darkening, halo formation, and ciliary element loss were considered criteria for degeneration. Blood–brain barriers were also examined in the hippocampus. The density of degenerated epithelial cells in the choroid plexus (n/mm3 ) and thromboembolisms in the hippocampal arteries (n/cm2 ) were compared statistically.

Results: Histopathological examination revealed that the number of degenerated epithelial cells in the choroid plexus and the number of thromboembolisms in the hippocampal arteries were 7 ± 2 and 1 ± 1 in group 1, 16 ± 4 and 3 ± 1 in group 2, and 64 ± 9 and 6 ± 2 in group 3, respectively. The significance levels were P < .005 for group 1 vs. group 2, P < .0005 for group 2 vs. group 3, and P < .00001 for group 1 vs. group 3.

Conclusion: This study demonstrates that decreased cerebrospinal fluid volume induced by choroid plexus degeneration causes cerebral thromboembolism following subarachnoid hemorrhage, which has not been previously described.

Cite this article as: Zeynal M. Unexpected effects of cerebrospinal fluid on the prevention of cerebral thromboembolism and blood–brain barrier disruption: First experimental study. Eurasian J Med., 2023;55(1):50-53.

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